The Italian Almanac

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nanocrystal

Italian Science - October 28

Italian researchers have shown that tiny particles called nanocrystals can be flooded with more light than thought possible, paving the way for a raft of clinical and commercial uses.

"The nanocrystals, when subjected to extreme fluorescence, will enable doctors to carry out tests with an extremely high level of precision and sophistication," Pier Paolo Pompa and Luigi Martiradonna of the National Nanotechnology Laboratory in Lecce said in an article to be published in the prestigious US journal Nature. "Analyses may even be carried out at the level of a single molecule, with obvious advantages for gene tests".

Commercial applications of the breakthrough included increasing the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of liquid-crystal screens, microlasers, a range of telecommunications devices and low-consumption lamp bulbs, the researchers said.