The Italian Almanac
Italian News - June 22
Italian scientists have identified a huge underwater volcano 40km (25 miles) off the southern coast of Sicily. The base of the volcano - named after the Greek philosopher Empedocles - covers an area larger than Rome. The volcano is higher than the Eiffel Tower in Paris, with one peak just seven metres below the sea's surface.
Empedocles is dormant and shows no sign of imminent eruption. The structure - which incorporates peaks previously thought to be separate volcanoes - has a base that measures 750 square km and stands 400m (1,300ft) high.
New survey equipment was used to confirm that what used to be considered a series of small underwater fissures are in fact part of a single massive volcano. The volcano was named Empedocles after the Greek philosopher who hypothesised that all matter consisted of four elements - earth, air, fire and water.
At various times in history, Empedocles has formed a small island. The first recorded eruptions occurred in the third century BC and the last in 1831. Its emergence then put it at the center of an international row over to whom the volcano actually belonged.